Executive Function Disorders


Executive functions are a group of necessary mental processes which are required for the successful execution of certain mental acts: successfully monitoring and picking chosen behaviors which facilitate the achievement of set goals. These processes include: executive planning, executive assessment, executive sizing, optimal execution, vision planning, vision determination and executive leadership. The ability to carry out all these steps effectively depends on the quality of planning, assessing and sizing the set of activities needed to reach a given set goal. It also depends on the strength of the respective executive skill sets.
 
A group of executive skills form the basis of an executive function. The most important skills in this category are: emotional control, working memory, information processing, logical thinking, visual orientation and imagination. Together these skills enhance our capacity to achieve certain set goals, which in turn improve our performance in work and in our social relationships.
 
Emotional control is the ability to regulate emotions and their impact on behaviour. A wide range of tasks require the application of emotional control. For example, the regulation of anger is a part of the executive function. The regulation of anger affects many aspects of our behaviour and also our mental processes. This involves the control of physiological arousal, attention, feelings, thoughts, feelings and behaviour.
 
Executive function coaching also includes the skills in information processing. In order to successfully carry out one task, it is necessary to possess some efficient strategies in processing information which can be learned through training or from experience. In addition, some executive functions such as working memory, also referred to as short-term memory, are required for performing many tasks simultaneously, which requires the employment of another set of skills known as attentional control. The efficiency of working memory enables one to efficiently remember information that is relevant to one's tasks; it also allows one to retrieve information that is irrelevant, so that errors in doing so are reduced.
 
One more executive function is the ability to solve problems and make use of creative solutions. This part of the executive function enables us to think creatively to eliminate problems rather than repeating the same mistakes over again. This is an important capability because, when repetitive solutions are used, we often fail to look at new possibilities and so our performance suffers. The use of creative solutions means that one can use one's mind to search for a better solution to a particular problem or opportunity. The planning, organizing and executing of these solutions enables people to improve their quality of life through increased flexibility and mental skills.
 
Executive dysfunction, including ADHD, is often thought of as a social issue. While there is some debate about the extent of this executive dysfunction in children, a large proportion of children with ADHD have observed improved performance in various aspects of school and society after treatment. This shows that other areas besides attention, hyperactivity and impulsivity are affected by executive dysfunction and this leads to the underperformance of these skills in most persons. Thus, apart from the problems created by hyperactivity and impulsivity, executive dysfunction leads to lower educational achievement, slower progress in school and reduced self-esteem. To get more enlightened on the topic, check out this related post: https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Coaching.
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